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Birds and Mammals






Australian Mammals

Red-knecked Wallaby
(Macropus rufogriseus)

Found in South-eastern Australia and in Tasmania where it is known as the Bennets Wallaby. It spends its day in dense patches of low undergrowth in the forests coming out to graze at night on grass and sometimes the local crops. Mainly solitary or only seen with female and young, /fenake carries her young joey in opening pouch at front and has a reserve embryo developing in the pouch when it becomes vacant.


(Photo: Glen Threlfo)

(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)

Found in rivers and creeks around Australia, common but vulnerable It feeds mainly on larval aquatic intertebrates, small fishes and amphibians by diving to the bottom of the rivers and creeks storing it in large cheek pounches opening from the back of the bill. It burrows into the river bank just above the water level. It is usually active around dawn and dusk. The male has a strong sharp spur n the ankle connected to a large venom gland in the thigh, The venom can cause excruciating pain to humans. After mating the female constructs a nursing burrow up to 20 metres long and closes her self in. She will lay 2 eggs and incubate them in about 2 weeks.


(Photo: Australian Tourist Commission)

(Phascolarctos cinereus)

Koala, an Australian icon. It is found from Townsville in North Queensland down the coast and inland through New South Wales into Victoria and part of South Australia and particularly prolific on Kangaroo Island. Food for the Koala is eucalypt leaves, but not all varieties can be eaten, it was often thought they did not need or drink water, but they have been known too. Their size varies from place to place. They can strip a tree of leaves within no time and move on. Females commence breeding at 2 years of age and live longer than the males.



Tasmania Devil
(Sarcophilus harrisii)

Size of a small dog, black all over with white marks usually on chest and sometimes on the rump. It is the largest of the living marsupial carnivores, scavengers for food mainly road kills or similar.Found in forest areas of Tasmania. Gives out a loud sqealing growling noise when competing for food. Female carries two or three young and has a rear pouch opening.

Tasmania Devil
(Photo: Tourism Tasmania)

Australian Sea-lion
(Neophoca cinerea)

The sea-lion occurs on offshore islands in Australia from Western Australia to Kangaroo Island off of South Australia. At one time sealers depleted the population in many areas. It is fairly sedentary and comes ashore on sandy beaches and uses rocky areas for breeding territories. They are breeding well on Kangaroo Island and are a great attraction for the overseas visitor as well as mainland Australians. They have a blunt nose, small ears, and males dark black or chocolate brown whilst females are silvery ash grey on top and creamy yellow underneath, and are said to weigh up to 300 kg for males and 80 kg for females.


australian Sea Lions
(Photo: Adventure Charters
Kangaroo Island)

Lumholz's Tree Kangaroo
(Dendrolagus lumholtzi)

The Tree-kangaroo is said to have probably come over from the Torres Strait to Cape York and now that the rainforest in northern Queensland has been depleted it is found in the high altitude areas on the Atherton Tablelands. It is a leaf-eater nocturnal (although sometimes seen during the day) and can be seen sleeping in the fork of a tree. Although it is big build and looks clumsey it ia an efficient climber. It is blackish-brown in colour and is fairly common but limited.

Tree Kangaroo
(Photo: Jonathan Munro)

Common Wombat
(Vombatus ursinus)

The common wombat is a large herbivorous burrowing marsupial. It inhabits forests during the day and moves out at night to graze in clearings and at forest edges. During summer it is mainly nocturnal but in the cooler months can be seen during daylight. Their main food is native grasses but also includes roots of shrubs and trees. They range from New South Wales through to South Australia and are found the most in Tasmania.

Spotted Tail Quoll
(Dasyurus maculatus)

Found in North and South Queensland down to Tasmania it is the largest marsupial carnovore on the Australian mainland. It¹s spotted tail and size distinguish it from other quolls. It can be quite savage and ferocious and is usually nocturnal but has been seen out in the sun and hunting during daylight hours. Depending where it is it can be both common and fairly rare. It feeds on birds, small animals and carion from road kills and is found in many different habitats lke rainforest, open forest and other locations.These days it can be in competition for food with cats and foxes and as it rather likes domestic poultry this has caused its decline in many rural areas.



Spotted Tail Quoll
(Photo: Glen Threlfo)

Ring-tailed Possum
(Pseudocheirus peregrinus)

Found from top of North Queensland around the eastern coast through Victoria into South Australia. It has several sub-species like in Tasmania known as the Tasmanian Ringtail. It feeds on leaves and flowers particularly eucalypt flowers and can digest ecalypt leaves. It breeds well sometimes giving birth to two litters in a year. When foraging for food it carries its young on its back. It is identified by its with white patches and prehensile tail with white tip.


Ring-tailed Possum
(Photo: Jill Dark)


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